What does it take to mind when you think about Spain?
The world-famous picture gallery arose as a collection of works of art of the Spanish crown and from 1819 is open to universal review. The basis of the collection is the works of Spanish painting, starting with the Romanesque frescoes of Castile and including works of such famous Spanish masters, like Velasquez, Surbaran, Ribera, El Greco, Goya.
The museum has a large collection of Titian paintings, the world’s largest collection of Bosch’s webs, as well as famous works of Raphael, Botichelli, Rubens, Rembrandt, Durera and other famous artists. In addition to painting, a sculpture is exhibited in the museum, a collection of coins and a collection of works of applied art.
Avila is traditionally called "city of knights and saints".In the XI century, the city was completely acquired by the fortress walls, which gave him a similarity with a medieval castle. In the period of late Middle Ages, many noble families made Avila with their main residence. The city is replete with buildings of Romance and Gothic architecture, as well as, according to legend, is the birthplace of St. Teresa – one of the greatest mystical saints of the Catholic Church. Escorial ensemble is 50 km from Madrid. He was conceived by Philipp II as a symbol of the grandeur of the Spanish Empire, as a monastery, Palace and Pantheon of Spanish knights at the same time. Administrative and residential premises were connected in it with the monastery and church. However, the image of the temple dominates here in the manner of the royal residence, and at the first review it is clear that the main dominant is a cathedral that rises above the edges of a stone rectangle. Slopes of walls with towers in the corners resemble monastic fortification fortifications. According to Philip II Esquoyal was turned into a Catholic religion Citala.
In the Escoriale, you need to visit the Royal Palace, Cathedral, Pantheon Kings and Infanta Pantheon.
Paella, undoubtedly, is a national symbol that, along with two three other samples of Valenissy, represent the world as a business card as national pride. Lorenzo Milo, a specialist in this area and the author of an extensive gastronomic bibliography, says not only about the diversity of rice varieties, but also about its popularity: "It is suitable for any company, he is a hospital, and therefore any dish from rice will have to taste the most demanding gourmet. Thanks to the ability of rice to absorb the taste of various products and combined with them from it you can cook not hundreds, but thousands of dishes".Initially, Paelhey was called the pan, in which rice with meat, marine products and vegetables were prepared. Now the shallow frying pan with two handles is called Paleria, and its contents – Palelia. At home, Palela is prepared in festive and momentous days, in the fresh air, and the ritual of her preparation is accompanied by jokes and fun. Recently, a tradition was reborn to cook Palela on the street during the feast of Fallas. With general revitalization, the ingredients of the future Paelia are prepared, and then it becomes together eating out of the frying pan with wooden spoons, accompanied by wine in a glass vessel (Porron), which is transmitted from hand to hand. Another thing – in the restaurant. Palelia is customary to order during the day. It happens, foreigners ask her in the evening, which causes a polite surprise of local residents. Paella is preparing on firewood, with strong fire at the beginning and weak at the end so that rice does not rush. Paella can be with meat (chicken and rabbit), with marine products and mixed. Vegetables add to it for season and even snails. In some areas, add beans, pork ribs and sweet peppers. Paella allows any combination, paella delicious almost with all.
Cantabrian Mountains, stretching along the northern coast of Spain from Pyreneev to Portugal, crown in the center of Picos de Euron. Now it is a national park, which includes about 77 square kilometers of harsh mountains and alpine meadows that have fled to.Every year from December to May, and often and longer, these places are covered with a thick layer of snow, but with his melting nature explodes the frantic violence of paints and odors of countless colors.
The preserved forests along with the forests of the neighboring National Park of Kowadong in the West and the Sakha National Reserve in the East became the last in Europe refuge for a number of animals, once common throughout the continent. The most remarks endangered by the Iberian Wolf and the Brown Bear, as well as the Forest Cat, Vybora, Otter, Forest Cord and Caban. In impregnable places, on fruitless slopes with rocky oids, thousands of graceful lightweight sulfur settled.The wealth of the plant world of these meadows is no equal in all of Europe. More than 550 colors (the number that is a total third of the entire British flora) is collected here in a small area. Such a variety facilitated the nature of the business for at least 5000 years. The person did not bring here either fertilizers nor pesticides and still carefully and jealously protects one of the last reserves of the old woman of Europe.
About 1000 years of our era, the lion’s part of the territory of modern Spain was ruled by the Arab Muslims. They were formed by a powerful state Cordvian Caliphate. Only in the very north of it relatively small land areas occupied the Kingdom of Leon, Castile, Navarre and Barcelona county.For about five centuries, the desperate struggle of Christians for the return of the Pyrenean Peninsula continued. A special role was played by French emigrants: mercenaries, knights, monks. From the middle of the XI century, the Spanish reconquist took over the unknown mission of the religious war and paved the way, in military and spiritual terms, cross campaigns.
Reconquista was not a series of continuous victories. She knew both defeats like the destruction of basilica in Santiago de Compostell in 997 by the famous Al-Mansur (Almanzorom in the Knight’s epic) or the defeat of another al-Mansur in 1195, King Castile in Alarkos; I knew and short-term success as the capture of Valencia Ferdinand I in 1065, which had to repeat in 1094 by the legendary Rodrigo Dias de Vivaru – Sida, and long periods of inaction. The Great Date has become July 16, 1212. On this day, Kings of Castile, Aragon and Navarre won a brilliant victory over Kordov’s Caliph at Las Navasde-Tolosa. However, the fruits of this victory that broke Muslim resistance, the units were later. In 1229, Yakov I Aragon won Majorca, in 1238 – Valencia, and in 1265 – Murcia. From now on, the Aragons and Catalans received marine recognition. Taking Sicily in 1282 confirms this. In 1248, Castillas captured Seville. And by the end of the XIII century, Muslims in Spain turned out to be honed in a small Granada State, which was in the XIV century, the unique light of the beauty of the Alhambra.Granada was conquered only at the end of the XV century by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Immediately after this last victory, the Columbus expedition was equipped. And after a while the Catholic Cross began conquering America.
Map. Spain is located in the southwestern part of Europe, on the Pyrenean Peninsula. North-Western spurs of Pyreneev go to the coast of the Biscay Bay, and the South-Western – to the Mediterranean Sea. In the north, Spain is bordered by France and Andorra, in the West – with Portugal; In the south, Gibraltar Strait separates it from Africa.In addition, the Spanish state includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, it also owns African territories with the cities of Ceuta and Melilla.
Most of the Spain is located on the platform of the knee, the height of which is approximately 600 m above sea level, and therefore Spain can be considered the second high-mountainous state of Europe (after Switzerland).
Language. Here they speak Spanish (this is a state language), although in the provinces you will hear local dialects.Time. Time in Spain lags behind Moscow for two hours.Money. National currency – PESET. Banking tickets are issued by the dignity of 1000, 2000, 5000 and 10,000 peashes. There are no restrictions on the import of foreign currency. However, the one who takes with him to Spain large amounts in currency is obliged to make them to the declaration, because without this, the export of foreign currency is allowed to the amount not exceeding in terms of 500,000 peashes.
Visa. For a visa, you must have a foreign passport, filled with a questionnaire, a ticket, 1 photo. Visa is issued within 10 working days.
Banks. Foreign currency can be exchanged for dogs in all branches of banks, in hotels and many travel agencies, as well as at the airport (where the percentage of the banking commission is higher). Returnal exchange for foreign currency, especially for US dollars, in local branches may be difficult, so it is not recommended to exchange a large amount at once. With the reverse exchange of the tourist, you must have a passport with you and, preferably, a ticket. Banks are open from 9.30 to 19.00 (Monday – Friday) Shops. Stores work with 9.30 to 13.30 and 16.30 to 20.30 (Monday – Saturday).Tips. Tips in Spain – very long tradition. As a rule, the service fee is included in the account, but visitors often give tip. This custom is practiced not only in bars and restaurants: Tips give messengers in a hotel, controllers in cinema and theaters, taxi drivers. However, they are not at all obligatory, and no one will ask for tips if you prefer not to give them.
And about the weather. Climate in Spain dry, sufficiently hot. Madrid is especially good since the end of spring and until the middle of autumn. Winter in Spain is pretty soft. The average temperature ranges from +8 to +14 degrees Celsius. Winter clothes, as a rule, is not required here.