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What can not and can be exported from the EU

What can not and can be exported from the EU

What is forbidden to export from the countries of the European Union? What is allowed in what quantities? What are the rules for the export of money, seashells with beaches, paintings and other art items? How much can you export food and alcohol? Read the answers in this article.

Recent changes in the EU laws

From June 3, 2021, the EU prescription entered into force 2018/1672. Cash importation rules changed. Actual information in this article. Further, in the course of the article, we will give the names of legal acts that regulate certain issues.

We are one of the few tourist sites (and maybe the only one), where they are engaged in maintaining the relevance of information. Information in this article is relevant for June 2021.

1. Allowed and "not caught" are different situations

It is important to remember! There are laws that prohibit something from the EU. But not always these laws are accurately executed. And it is not surprising, because there are many laws, they are confusing. In addition, customs does not check all passengers, but only some selectively.

As a result, many people export prohibited items from the EU or confront without a declaration amount of money above the limit. This does not mean that so you can. Just not caught.

We urge not to rely on luck. It is better to know exactly what it is possible that it is impossible. Read this article to the end, and you will be fenceten from trouble at customs.

2. Export of seashells and maritime

Regulatory acts: EU Council Directive 92/43 / EEC and Cites Appendices I, II, III

General laws of the EU do not prohibit the removal of seashells, corals and other living things. but! There are several laws for protected species.

First, there is an EU Council Directive 92/43 / EEC, which protects several dozen species of living beings, including crustaceans. Export (and even catch) these animals is prohibited. The prohibition applies to shells belonging to these crustaceans.

Secondly, there are lists of the Washington Convention (CITES). Animals from these lists of Cites Appendices I, II, III also protected, and transported them or their shells is prohibited. In these lists of 38,700 species, including crustaceans.

Thirdly, there are local laws of EU member states that protect local species.

If the shell belongs to an animal of one of the protected species, then it is prohibited. If the animal is not listed, then allowed. You want to study these lists? You yourself can determine the view to which the shell belongs?

In fact, several small shells in the baggage usually passes the customs without problems. If the shells are big or a lot of them, then delay. Customs officers have the right to remove the shells in order to conduct an examination if they suspect that shells belong to a guarded form.

I remember the story of one British tourist, which in Malta bought herself a beautiful necklace from the seashells and lucky his home. She did not remove the necklace into the luggage, but just put on the neck and so went through customs. The result is obvious. She was detained, the necklace was confiscated, fortunately they were not fined. Do not do this!

3. Export of objects of cultural and historical value

Regulating Act: Prescription of the EU Council 116/2009

According to the prescription of the EU Council 116/2009, the objects of cultural and historical value include:

– older than 50 years: paintings on any material, mosaic, engravings, sculptures, photos, manuscripts and sketches, archival materials.

– Older 75 years: Vehicles.

– older than 100 years: archaeological finds, elements of art or historical monuments, books.

– older than 200 years: printed maps.

– excluding age: samples of botanical, zoological, anatomical, mineralogical collections, collections of ethnographic, paleontological, numismatic, historical nature.

– any antiques of more than 100 years according to CN EU 9706 00 00.

– Antiques of 50-100 years old: jewelry, glass, furniture, ceramics, toys, musical instruments, carpets and tapestries, clock.

All this can be exported only with a special resolution "Export License". Theoretically, the order 116/2009 establishes the rates of value, which can be exported by cultural values. But to confirm this cost you need to make an application for an export license.

In addition, the EU member countries may allow the export of certain objects, if they consider their cultural value of minor.

The legislation is quite complex and confusing. Therefore, we recommend to refrain from the export of antiques. But if you decide, then read carefully prescription 116/2009 and make requests to the relevant authorities of countries where you are going to export.

4. Cash export

Regulating Act: EU prescription 2018/1672

Attention! From June 3, 2021, the EU prescription is applied 2018/1672. The rules of export and import currency have changed. Previously, the EU prescription 1889/2005.

Under the concept of "Cash" the law implies not only cash currency. According to article 2, banking and traveler checks, bills and other revolving tools, commemorative coins, gold coins with gold content of 90% or more, gold nuggets and bars.

Now even any prepaid cards are taken into account, regardless of the country of their origin. This list will be complemented in the future.

Need to calculate the amount of all this. If cash is not in euros, then you need to translate into euros at the current course.

If the amount is less than 10,000 euros, then you can not declare.

If the amount is more than 10,000 euros, then you need to declare. If you do not declare and try to go through the "green corridor", it threatens the confiscation of money (Article 4, paragraph 2) and a fine, which depends on the country (Article 9, paragraph 1).

Declaration free and easy. But there is one nuance – it is necessary to indicate the origin of the money (Article 3 Paragraph 2 subparagraph "E"). And here the phrase "worked and accumulated" will no longer help, which works perfectly when exporting money from the native country. If you are a tourist, you could not work. Where did you get a big amount of money?

What can not and can be exported from the EU

If brought with you, then there must be an entry declaration. If removed in the bank, there must be a corresponding document. In any case, there must be a document on the origin of money. Otherwise there are no problems.

5. Alcohol and Cigarette

Regulating act: no

EU laws do not prohibit and do not limit the removal of alcohol and tobacco products. It is not surprising, why would the EU authorities be against? You paid all taxes from this alcoholic and cigarettes.

However, do not forget that there are restrictions on the entrance to Russia.

Cigarettes can be imported no more than 200 pieces (1 block of 10 packs). More prohibited even with payment duties.

Alcohol without paying duties can only be imported 3 liters. If you bring the 4th and 5th liter, then you need to pay a duty – 10 euros per liter. More than 5 liters is prohibited.

All the details on the restrictions on the our customs in our article "What can and can not be imported to Russia".

6. Export of food, including sanctions

Regulatory Acts: EU Council Directive 92/43 / EEC and CITES CONF Resolution. 12.7

The laws of the European Union do not impose prohibitions and restrictions on the disposal of food, except for some exceptions.

First, some types of animals and plants can be declared protected in EU member states or in the whole European Union. For example, all freshwater cancers and freshwater mussels are protected in the EU. Food from such animals and plants under the ban. These are wild species, so the chances of the tourist get to this restriction is almost equal to 0.

Second, animals and plants from the list of Washington Convention (CITES). Products from these animals are prohibited. There is an exception: you can export a sturgeon caviar, but not more than 125 grams per person and only in factory packaging (according to the decision of the CITES CONF. 12.7).

Sanction products can be exported from the EU, and to bring them to Russia later you can also. Sanctions do not apply to ordinary tourists carrying products for personal consumption.

Remember that you can bring to Russia not any food, but the number is limited. If we carry products, we really advise you to read our article "What can and cannot be imported to Russia," where we examined in detail all the limitations and prohibitions.

It’s important to know

– a list of prohibited items of items in the EU standard: narcotic, psychotropic, toxic, radioactive substances; informational materials with calls to violence and retail; Weapons and ammunition. Weapons can be exported under certain conditions and with the appropriate resolution;

– We remind you that at the entrance to Russia there are prohibitions and restrictions. Once again, we strongly recommend reading our detailed article "What can and cannot be imported to Russia";

– Read the Customs Regulations on the entrance to the European Union in the article "What can not and can be imported into the EU".

Good trips to Europe, and read our interesting and useful articles for tourists (List of articles below).

What can not and can be exported from the EU

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