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Whale with hooves, nanaloshad and evil bird – strange animals of the past

Whale with hooves, nanaloshad and evil bird – strange animals of the past

"To explain the origin of life on Earth only the case – it’s like explaining the origin of the dictionary by an explosion of printing house," said Charles Darwin. All modern animals occurred from some other creatures, often quite unlike their descendants. However, we will immediately agree: since in the fossil form, only an insignificant share of all extinct animals is preserved, the detection of the immediate ancestor of this or that contemporary is catastrophically striving for zero. Scientists find only very close relatives of "transitional form", which are by default and are considered to be distant ancestors of their now living descendants. How did these ancestors looked?

Also horse

Was: Giracotery
When I lived: 55 million years ago
Became: Horse

The smallest breed of horses today is so called: mini horse. Her growth in the withers does not exceed 86 cm. And this is just a gigant compared to the ancestor of all the horses – Giracoterius, which lived about 55 million years ago. His height in the withers was equal to 20 cm, and he dwells at all on the rolled meadows, but in the forest, feeding with leaves and fruits. From his horse, he had except that tiny hoofs, and they diverged into a few small fingers: on the front legs – four, on the rear – three. (By the way, why a person has five fingers, you know?) Everything else rather resembled the dog – he ran, by the way, is also a little doggy. The back of the animal was deployed, neck and muzzle – short, the same small legs and not as an example of their descendants tiny teeth. But the tail on the future horse was always long. Read also about the unusual breed of horses – Corcher.

Tailed frog

Was: Gerobatrahus
When I lived: 280-270 million years ago
Became: frog, salamdroid

The skeleton of this creature was discovered in 1995 in Texas and called Gerobatrichus, which translated from Greek means "old frog". It would be worth clarifying: very old, because she lived 280-270 million years ago. The length of the body of this amphibian was about 11 cm, and everything in it was rounded: both the body and head, and the mouth-roster. From similarities with Salamandra – the way of movement and tail, only shorter than the last. In general, Gerobrathus reminded the ordinary cake with a tail and, probably, also loved the ancient insects as his descendants – mosquitoes.

Kit with hooves

Was: Pakiqet
When I lived: 56-41 million years ago
Became: whale, dolphin, guinea pig

Modern cetacean: whales, dolphins and sea pigs – belong to the detachment of man-and. This is not a joke, but a scientific fact. In the past, these animals ran through the ground, and today are close relatives of hippos. The ancestor of cetaceans is considered a Pakiq, who lived 56-41 million years ago on the territory of modern Pakistan. This predator was the size of the wolf, but reminded the rat with his long muscular tail, extended head, short wool, sharp teeth and thin legs. There were tiny hoofs on the latter (incredibly, but in those distant times some of the manflot were predators and combined hooves and powerful fangs in themselves). Paki residents lived near the water bodies and fed on fish, like modern seals.

These animals have spent more and more time in water, so they began to evolve in marine mammals. First, they have lengthened and rounded the body, they began to remotely resemble crocodiles (these descendants of the Pakisetov called ambulatakes). The next step was to get rid of wool and almost completely – from the hoofs, but the membranes appeared on the fingers (such animals called births). 38 million years ago Roocets turned into basilosaurs, and those already resembled a huge fishery of 18 m in length, with a long thin tail – the hind limbs almost disappeared. 33-14 million years ago, the Skalodoons appear, which already looked almost like modern dolphins and possessed new quality – echolocation.

Angry bird

Was: Archeopteryix
When I lived: 150-147 million years ago
Became: Bird

Of course, you know that dinosaurs were not extinct – some of them turned into birds. About the overall ancestor of the feathers do not subscribe, but most scientists are still inclined to the version that it was an archeopterix (or his kind), who lived 150-147 million years ago. In fact, the creature was half reptiles, half a bird. Only very angry, because, unlike modern feathered, there was teeth – small but sharp. And also gorgeous plumage and not stubbling of the spinal column, like the current birds, and a full-length long tail, like a lizard, also covered with thick feathers. All the structure of Archeopteryix indicates that it is actually reptile, only flying, with feathers and claws. Large copies did not exceed the size of modern eagles, small – pigeons.

Whale with hooves, nanaloshad and evil bird - strange animals of the past

Archeopterix led the night lifestyle and did not dwell in the forest, but on the plain shrub on the shrubs. He was a predator and eats in small lovely, grabbing her teeth and claws. And this ancient "bird" flew at all like the modern. Scientists believe that Archeopterix did not know how to wave the wings, but only planned. Others are confident that he was still primitive, having movements, but he could not take a high takeoff and mostly dwell on earth. Most likely, his flight resembled the planning of pheasants, which, like all chicken, take off only as a last resort and is always low. (Why die out and why the theory of evolution can be false, find out from the story of the Peruvian paleontologist "Rules of Life of the Dinosaur Seeker".)

Elephant

Was: Indricoteries
When I lived: 30-20 million years ago
Became: Rhinocerom

Indricoteries – the highest and heavy land mammal from ever living on Earth. He was more tyrantosaurus: the height in the withers reached 4.8 m (and this is not counting the long and powerful neck), the length was 8.7 m, and the weight reached up to 35 tons! These bullfights were four times more modern elephants. At the same time, they resembled something among the elephant and rhino, that’s just no horns of them, and some scientists even believe that instead there was a small trunk. Nevertheless, they are considered close rhinoceros relatives. Indricoteries lived 30-20 million years ago on the territory of modern Pakistan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. These giants led a relaxed lifestyle, slowly moving between trees and climbing foliage.

Nedochherphah

Was: E orhynchochelys Sinensis
When I lived: 228 million years ago
Became: Turtle

The evolution of the turtles was one of the main mysteries in Paleontology, while in 2018 scientists from China did not find a two-meter reptile skeleton with a flatulent body. In addition to him, the creature was a toothless beak, in all the rest it was little different from a floating dinosaur. And nevertheless, Reptile turned out to be the most ancient relative of the turtles, so it was called EORHYNCHOCHOBLYS SINENSIS, that in the translating "Turtle dawn with a Chinese beak". She had a long thin tail, ribs, though they were flattened and took the shape of the disk, did not have time to grow in the shell, the jaws took the semblance of beak, how all the turtles possess.

"Turtle Dawn" lived about 228 million years ago, and the remains were found in Guizhou in the province that in the southeastern part of China. Interestingly, almost in the same place, but in higher sediment layers in 2008 another transitional link from ancient ancestors to modern turtle – odontochelys. Probably he was a descendant of EORHYNCHOCHOCHLYS Sinensis and approximately 221 million years ago already began to be much more like the modern turtles, although in fact he has not yet had a shell. But were uncharacteristic for now living turtles teeth.

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