Vienna is famous not only with a shiniel and walts. She is famous for both their coffee shops, a favorite place of dates and meetings of friends, family leisure and enjoying loneliness. Along with the beer, more than 200 varieties of which are prepared in the Alpine Republic, wine from the picturesque vineyards, broken down on the outskirts of cities, coffee has long become a favorite drink of veins, and all Austria.
Every year, the Austrians drink it more than 215 liters in terms of a person (including non-drinking babies) and are convinced that it was they who introduced Europe with coffee. However, in reality, this was done by Venice, where coffee grains were carried away from the east from the first half of the XVII century, and the drink was called "Arabic wine". In Vienna, he appeared only in 1683.
In that year, its inhabitants were exhausted by a two-month Turkish siege. Himself to cope with the superior enemy forces failed. Then the Marcatet Franz (Franchishek) Kolchitsky secretly through the position of the enemy passed away to the Polish king Jani III sore community asking for help. Using troops helped to turn the Turks to flight. In a panic, they disastened on the shore of the Danube weapons, trophies, provisions, tents and bags with "Greenish grains", who the crowns took care for fairy animals.
Kolchitsky got the right to choose for himself trophies and duty free to engage in the city in any business. Markanat did not take the gold or weapon, but only "Bags with beans": In my century, he managed to live in the Ottoman Empire and was familiar with the magical taste of a fragrant drink.
Soon in the city center near the cathedral.Stephen Kolchitsky opened the first coffee shop in Central Europe with the title. "Blue bottle". Capital residents first did not like the bitter drink, but the smart businessman added milk and honey into it. So the famous famous "Wensky Coffee", And the enterprising Pole became rich, (by the way, he invented to serve cakes to coffee).
The church was disapprovingly reacted to the Basurman Drink. Monk Dominican Pietro Francesco Dzukki wrote that Drinking him "Introduce the Satanian flaw, harm health, destroying the body – the temple of God". However, this did not prevent a triumphal procession of coffee in the country. In 1839, only in Vienna there were 80 coffee shops. By the beginning of the twentieth century – more than 600. Now in the country of their thousands.
Initially visiting "Coffee House" It was considered a male business. In the middle of the X1x century, decree was issued, allowed in a cafe "Honest card games" And smoking tobacco. In 1870, family-owned "Hiking" In the Viennese Coffee Shops. After World War I, there were already women without male accompaniment. Beautiful half of humanity loved the invigorating drink, and arose "Coffee" Ladies’ Salons: Cafes-Confectionery, Espresso Cafe and Cafes.
Many poets, writers, artists and playwrights dragged their inspiration in coffee shops. In the famous Viennese cafe "Central" He loved to play chess by the author of the theory of permanent revolution Lion Trotsky. For one of the elegant marble tables "father" Psychoanalyz Sigmund Freud composed here his treatises. Perhaps it was in this cafe who had delusional ideas of the enslavement of the world from Adolf Hitler. Failed artist who at that time wore the name "Shiklgruber", Frequently called B "Central" With her easel. At the beginning of the last century, Egon Erwin Kish, Karl Kraus, Bertolt Brecht talked to the Gothic Summary Ceilings of this cafe. One of the famous regulars – Poet Peter Altenberg – Forever remained in "Central" in the form of a figure of papier-mache. At the request to report the address, he usually answered: "Cafe Central, Vienna". Every day he was here the first visitor. In this cafe Altenberg not only communicated with friends, but also wrote, received correspondence.
However, Bohemia still preferred "Greensteydl", about "Hofburg", Winter Residence Gabsburgs. Gustav Maller and Richard Wagner loved meeting with composer friends in a cafe "Imperial" On the famous Central Street Kertonstraße. Mozart and Beethoven performed their works for visitors to the Vienna Cafe "Frauenhuber".
In Austria today is known about 50 ways to make coffee. This is a traditional Vienna "melange" (coffee, milk, whipped cream and chocolate flakes), and "Blonde" (coffee, honey, apricot schnapps, cream), and "FIAIKER" (coffee, rum, brandy or kirsche). No less famous coffee "Maria Teresia" (coffee, orange liquor, whipped cream and multicolored sugar powder), "Mozart" (coffee, connected liquor, crushed almond nut), and also "Parisar" (coffee, cocoa, rum, whipped cream, cinnamon, lemon crusts). In cooking "Capuccino" The crowns can adorganize with the Italians.
To coffee in Vienna, it is customary to sell a glass of cold water to refresh the taste receptors.