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Wenceslas Square in Prague (or Vaclavak)

Wenceslas Square in Prague (or "Vaclavak")

Wenceslas Square in Prague – a world famous landmark that has gained popularity among tourists. Almost all tourist routes on the capital of the Czech Republic or begin, or end in Wenceslas Square.

Vatslawskaya Square is the center of "New Place" (Prague area laid in 1348 by Emperor Carl IV). Boulevard carries the name of the patron of the Czech Republic -. Vaclav. Prajan call this place "Vaclavak".

Wenceslas Square is not like the square in our understanding, rather this is a boulevard 750 long and 63 meters wide (in the photo on the right, click on the photo to increase). It was not even built as the area, but as the market, they traded the horses here, and the place was called – the "horse market".

The world-famous symbols of Prague are located at the end of the southeastern part of the Boulevard – this is the statue of St. Waclav, squeezing on horseback, and the National Museum. It is near the statue of Prazanes like to appoint meetings.

On the square there is a Pantheon, where busts of the greatest people of the Czech Republic are collected. And what is the library with a foundation in 1.3 million books and 8 thousand manuscripts.

An angular tower with the luminous crown of the Palace "Crown", the Golden Tower of the Palace "Europe", dedicated to the European Union of the Square. Former palaces and department stores, now shopping centers, hotels and cinemas.

Which styles did not find an incarnation in buildings built on Vaclavak: Modern, Ar-Nouveau, Neurokko, Classicism, Neoetics, Art Deco and others.

Square remembers a lot of key events of the history of the Czech Republic, and how many of them are still ahead?!

Important historical events

In 1918, the Declaration of Independence of the Czech Republic from Austria-Hungary was held here. The Nazis in 1942 arranged here a demonstrative oath of Chekhov on loyalty, and the participants of the Prague uprising already against the Nazis in 1945 fought here to death.

In 1948, the Power of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed on the square, and in 1989, 200 thousand Czechs were identified here during the velvet revolution, already overthrowing the communist regime.

In 1968, Waclavskaya Square became one of the centers of the events of Prague Spring, Soviet tanks appeared here (on the photo on the left, click on the photo to enlarge). In 1969, two students – Yang Palach and Jan Zaianz committed selflessness, protesting against the entry of Soviet troops in Czechoslovakia.

The new round of Prague Spring began here with the riots on March 28, 1969 and the crowd attacks on the Aeroflot office.

Path to the main boulevard Prague (how to get there)

Get to the square easily. Driving to the metro station to Muzeum station. You can drive to the station "Mustek" line B, then you will find yourself at the beginning of Waclawak. Card See our article "Metro Prague – a map in our".

We tram number 3, 5, 6, 9, 14, 24, 51, 52, 54-56, 58. Need to get to the stop "Vaclavske Namesti". Buses No. 505 and 511 will be taken to the Muzeum stop. You will find yourself near the National Museum. With this option, you will have to walk a little walk.

When come

Life "boils" on Vaclavak ROUNDS. Even at 3 o’clock in the morning, you can see walking inhabitants of Prague and guests of the city. Watch the photo below, click on the photo to enlarge.

Some restaurants are open around the clock. McDonalds is definitely not closed at night, the hungry will not be left.

You can go away from here even at night, there are always on duty a lot of taxi drivers. Consider only that taxi in Prague is quite expensive. About this read our review "Taxi in the Czech Republic – Tariffs and Rules".

How much time planning

For a quick inspection of monuments and buildings, there is enough hour. If you want to watch Pantheon and the National Museum, then plan three hours.

If you want to go through all shopping centers and shops, you can spend a whole day on Wenceslas Square, and this day is not enough.

History of Vaclawak

Vaclav Square is located in a new place, founded by Karl IV in 1348. In a new place, there have been several markets representing the open-air platforms.

The horse market – so called Wenceslas Square, traded here with horses. In the 14th century in a new location there were still a cattle bazaar (now Karlova Square), the Senam Market (now Senior Square). At the Konsky Bazaar stood benches with beer and fragible malt, houses of small and medium craftsmen. Later here began to trade more grain, weapons, tissues. The market ceased to exist in 1877.

In the Middle Ages, this place was used for promining executions. Jan Bendl in 1678 created the statue of St. Vaclav, after two years it was established. After 200 years, the statue of Bendl is transferred to Vyšehrad. The statue that we see now has been established later – in 1912.

Czech Patriots in 1786 near one of the fountains the first Boud Theater opens. Settings in it took place in Czech. Existed the theater for only 3 years. Was closed in 1789. Argued this solution by the fact that it interfered with the transport and pedestrian movement. By the end of the 18th century, the market is dumping with a cobblestone. Later the square is free from unnecessary buildings.

Karel Gavlichk-Borovsky offered to call the square in honor of the Sacred Patron of the country. In the same 1848, Mass per day of Pentecost passes on the boulevard. From it began the Svyatokhov uprising and the revolutionary movement 1848-1849.

Kandelabra Niklas appear on Vaclawak in 1865. It was the work of the architect Alesha Lindbauer and the sculptor Edward Messel. The first commetes were followed here in 1884. The main architectural structure of the Boulevard – the National Museum (in the photo on the left, click on the photo to increase) is built in 1889-1890.

Electricity came to Vaclavak on April 10, 1895. The center of the Boulevard decorate pillars with electric lamps, replaced gas lights-chandeliers. Trams running on electricity, circulated in the area, starting in 1900.

Plataneians who decorated for many years (since 1876) Vaclavak, transplanted on the edges of the sidewalks. Metropolitan Gardener Frantishek Tomayer lines Alley Lip. To date, about 150 trees are growing on the boulevard.

The end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century is marked by rapid construction in this part of the city: Modern and Czech CZES. Renaissance buildings were demolished.

In 1918, a memorable event occurred on Vaclavak: October 28, Alois Yirasek, Czech writer, reads the declaration of the country’s independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

After connecting the capital with suburbs in 1922, hotels, restaurants, banks, shops appear on the square. At the same time there are parking vehicles.

Vaclavak became the "tribune" of mass disturbances during the fascist occupation. In 1942, after challenging the Nazis – the murders of Reinhard Heydrich, a demonstrative oath was adopted here on the loyalty of the Czech people Führera. In 1945, heavy battles were held here between the Nazis and the participants of the Prague uprising. Here they declared the end of the Second World War, a little later – about the nationalization of banks and industrial facilities.

The Communist Epoch in the Czech Republic has not passed and Vaclavak. On the Boulevard rallying Communists. Here Clement Gotald announced the establishment of the "power of the workers" in the country.

Events included in history as "Prague Spring" (1968) were held on Vaclavak. On it rushed tanks of the Soviet Army. Counters with enemy entries forces led to damage to the monumental structures of the National Museum.

Here I burned myself on January 16, 1969, Jan Palach, Student Karlova University. Jan Zaianz in the same year on February 25th repeated the execution of the executioner against the input of troops in Czechoslovakia. A wooden cross in memory of the deceased students is located on the boulevard paving.

Sports fans have repeatedly noted on the boulevard victory of Czech hockey players. From one of these celebrations a year began a new wave of Prague Spring. After the victory of Chekhov on the USSR national team on March 28, 1969, the crowd attacked the representative office of Aeroflot. This event was used in the USSR for mass cleaning in Czechoslovaki’s Communist Party.

The speeches of Waclav Gavel during the velvet revolution took place on Boulevard in 1989.

From home to home (what to watch)

Today on Vaclawa "bang" offices, hotels, hotels, boutiques, houses, fashion, shops, currency exchange points. Houses are numbered, starting from the old place to the National Museum. On the Boulevard 750 meters in the length of 66 houses. Waclavka width varies: in its upper part it reaches 63 m, and in the bottom – 48 m. Boulevard Square – 45 thousand. kv. meters.

Talking about all buildings on the square should not be focusing only on well-known buildings. What to draw gaze to tourists, walking on Vaclavaku.

Antonina Pfaiffer and Matee Blach – "Palac Koruna" starts the numbering of houses on Wenceslas Square. In 1914, on the roof of the house, the sculptures of Vituha Sukhanda are put.

Nearby there is a palace "Europe" (2002). The spirit of futurism is felt in the architecture of the building created by Pleiammasters: P. Reported, P. Malinsky, P. Burian, M. Poor, M. Cotion.

Astra Palace (Lindt House) – First Prague Construction with Elements of Constructivism. Paul Zydov decorated the building of the architect Ludwick Kiell Decor Pseudoroco. Here is the Station of the Czech Metro Mustek.

Wenceslas Square in Prague (or Vaclavak)

On the site of the Kabar "Alhambra" and the cinema "Passage" now rises the hotel "Ambassador". Project R. Klenka and F. Weera with oriental elements was built in 1912.

Pharmacy "Adam" works for many centuries without interruptions. Its building combines the style of modern and cubism.

The oldest construction is the Adria Hotel (previously called "at the blue boot"). M. Blach in 1911 adds attic roofs in the style of Narokokko. Here once stood the theater, among the actors of which was "noticed" and Emil Arthur Longen. Wine cellar reminds the ancient world of Aida.

It stands out in a number of houses of the Palace of the Insurance Company "Assigurazioni Generali" there was no time Franz Kafka. Currently, the Palace occupies the Bank "IPB".

The Museum of Archaeological Finds is located in the basement of the house that was once a department store "DARSCH". During restoration work in the building found the foundation of the house, the owner of which was Matvey Burbonius – Heaster Kings Rudolph II and Matvey of Habsburgs. In the house of 9 floors, where "live" offices, hotels. Parking posted in 3 floors underground.

Prague Modern in all its glory will see in the house "Peterki" under the №12 of the architect Yana Koter. AR-Nouveau style in the front, floral original ornament of Joseph Peterki, sculptural work with. Sukhanda created a bright, memorable architectural masterpiece.

The luxury hotel took the place of the famous publishing house "Melanch". Created a building B.Bellmayer in Art Deco style, the facade was decorated with work in. Majer. On the balcony of this house in 1989 in. Havel and A. Dubchek pronounced their ardent speech to Prazanam.

The Palace "Lucerne" – a whole complex for 21 thousand. kv. Meters: Many restaurants, Rococo Theater, Cino under the Earth "Star". But the building was built by Grandfather Vaclav Gavela in 1912-1916 for cabaret. Here you will see and the famous parody of the statue of St. Wenceslas.

On the boulevard, the bookstore is the largest in the Czech Republic – "Luxor". And the house of fashion, Palace "Phoenix", the house "on the mop", hotel and cinema "Yalta", Palace "Letka", "Ice Palace", "Vigla" house, Alpha Palace, Meran hotels and Julis ", Department Store" Friendship ", Poland" Prague ", Hotel" Zlata Gus ", shoe store" Bath ".

Each house is a whole page of Czech history. If you are lucky with the guide, the Waclavka walk will be an interesting journey to Prague past.

Tips strolling by Waclav

– You can walk along the shops on the square, but to buy here gifts and souvenirs from the Czech Republic are still expensive.

– In tents on the boulevard, sell sausages (on the photo on the left), buns and sweets that can be born. We talked about the dishes of Czech street fast food in the article "Czech cuisine".

– Dining thoroughly in restaurants or cafes on the boulevard too expensive.

– Hotel accommodation is also a budget option.

– If you go to parallel streets and go through a few alleys from the square, you will see a little different (below, of course) prices and for food, and on drinks, and for accommodation, and for souvenirs.

– Women advise not to abuse cosmetics and causing, let both fashionable, clothes, going to the square. Here you can often meet "Program of Love". Risk of bright appearance provoke an unpleasant incident. Read our review "What not to do in the Czech Republic".

– Taking advantage of the courtyards on the square, you can go to Franciscan gardens and get acquainted with the inadequate of Franciscans – the church of the Virgin Mary Snowy. Difference from Vaclavak Exterior: Silence and peacekeeping contrasts sharply with a stormy life on the square.

– Start comfortable clothes for the season and dilated shoes, walking a lot. We talked about it in detail in the article "What to take with you to the Czech Republic".

– Wenceslas Square is one of the places in Prague, where the drinking alcohol is prohibited. On the laws about this we were told in the review "Alcohol in the Czech Republic – Rules and Prices". You can smoke here, but not at the time of mass events. On the laws of smoking, read in the review "Smoking and Cigarettes in the Czech Republic".

We wish saturated and nice walks on Vaclavaka, and read our interesting articles about the Czech Republic with tourists (Links below).

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Alexander – Glavred site

Very interesting comment made by the user olga63k. Read it on a separate page ‘Contemporary Art in Prague’.

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