Amanda-fields Around the globe Interesting Popular Trip tips

We read rock painting

We read rock painting

Most travelers, visiting places with rock painting Most likely, either slide in the drawings, either look more closely, say something like "wow", "Well, cool" and will be continued. Someone will try to see the details, but since many images are quite fuzzy, sometimes surreal and graphically primitive, breaking the head over the "primitivism", without being a professor or a specialist, will seem wretched time.
But not even being an expert, you can try to read and, perhaps, interpret the drawings, if you consider several aspects.

First, we look at the landscape: drawings / petroglyphs can be located in caves, caves – a beautiful natural shelter known to the ancient people. The most famous: whole systems of caves with drawings in France – Lasco, Montesquieu-Avanta, Spain – Altamira, are also represented by almost all Africa – the cradles of humanity; In Scandinavia, judging by the number of finds, there were also many people with artistic itch.

It can be just a smooth rock surface, straight canvas, it is important to inspect the surroundings, often such places are located on a fairly good elevation, with a good perspective of the surrounding areas – an excellent review for hunters and almost complete absence of natural shelter from bad weather, which means such a place is likely not constant parking, but strategically or spiritually important.

In the lake edges (Finland, Norway, Kola Peninsula) there are rocks growing directly from the water of rivers and lakes, with drawings about the height of human growth on the water level. How they were generally painted by man standing on the boat? Or on ice?

Secondly, we will pay attention to the paint, on the style of the image: whether it is carved in the rock of the Petroglyph, it can be painted paint, or it’s just a drawing with paints, a polychrome image, a monochrome contour, and may a palm imprint. The red pigment is best preserved, most often for its manufacture, the ocher is used, sometimes ground hematite, also used blood. Blood naturally associated with us with a cult. Black pigment – coal persists much worse, as well as juices of various plants, but when conducting dating is invaluable. Radio carbon analysis, the most as long as the exact method, as you understand, can be carried out only if there are any residues of the organic.

Now let’s try to consider the images themselves. In Africa, there are scenes of hunting people on bison, antelope, gazelles and even leopards, as well as visible giraffes and giant snakes. In Scandinavia, as well as on the coast of Onega Lake, such little men are hunting on the moose and reindeer, mammoths, there are various images of snakes, boats, fish ..
But look at the images of groups of hunters: often it is "stick, stick, jersey, so the little man came out," a schematic onion in hand.
Animal images are more often more increased compared to hunter figures, muscles are drawn, for the volume of image, several shades of ocher and different color intensity are used. At the same time, in such detail pictures of animals, explicitly being the center of the composition, can be completely uncharacteristic as human traits: parts of the body, jet paints from the nose and mouth.

Sometimes there are rather strange anthropomorphic images. That is, a more or less detailed image of a person with strange details: "Antennas" instead of face or above head, geometric images inside the body.

If you try to explain what is depicted, then you can apply a few approaches:

We read rock painting

1) "What I see – then I sing". That is, an ancient man simply depicted himself or saw scenes. So it is simply an image of the everyday life of an ancient hunter and the surrounding world. Caution Question: How many animals in which the ancient man really hunted, suffered from vomiting and nasal bleeding?

2) Assumption of Shamansky Cult. Very and very common theory in different variations. Where some seen hunters saw, others see shamans. This explains the presence of semi-supersays, blood from the nose, vomiting, images of shaman attributes and much more. Traditionally, symbols associated with shamanism, also called "Entoptic symbols" – spirals, points, zigzags, antennas, grids, various parallel lines.

Some scientists investigated the neurophysiological mechanisms for the occurrence of hallucinations both under the influence of psychoactive substances, and during sensory deprivation, migraine, fatigue, hypercontrants, stress, alcohol intoxication, oxygen over suitivity, mental disorders, and T.D. and T.NS., In particular, they tried to find out what kind of vision is due to the "cultural baggage" of the individual, and which visions and images will be common to every person in the trance, regardless of its culture, origin, and., In particular, studying the practices of San Shamans in Africa, trying to tie it with the ones found in the same place. In general, 2 stages of trance are isolated: the first is the same for all: "geometric" associated with visualizations of various geometric shapes, as well as tunnels, vortices, water films; The second stage is associated with images from memory and their interpretation, that is, the beasts, people, religious topics. It is the second phase that is individually due to the laid by culture and experience.
When analyzing rock images, it is believed that the shaman has been depicted after trance seen and tested (for example, the process of turning into an animal or snake) on a rock or in a cave, sometimes performing in a three-dimensional manner, in a polychry graphics and taking into account the irregularities of the relief. Perhaps this was later served as a place of worship, so Saama, for example, worshiped seidams, so that the rock climbed with the image was like an aliens, but perhaps the rite was performed only in some specific sacred purposes (appeal to spirits with a specific request).

3) There is another interesting interpretation. In the images, we do not see a fishery or deer or a bird: we see lines and points, together resembling fish, deer, bear and t.NS. Can an image, for example, a zigzag, be not just evidence of the status of a trance, and have some kind of hidden functional significance? Now, seeing something like that, someone identifies such a symbol as "Caution, high voltage!", Someone will see in it an Egyptian hieroglyph as an image of water or the phonetic sound" H ". After all, even an apple symbol for whom is associated with apple color, a charlotte, a computer or New York … Thus, it can be assumed that the identified characters were not just a value, but some function.
If the picture is added to add any information about material finds (the objects of the cult in the cultural layer at the image, the arms tips, the presence of ancient parking lots, settlements and.), then with proper interpretation it will give a more complete and interesting picture.
In conclusion, I want to add that even for a person far from archeology and history, such observation and picking parts, regardless of the route and the presence / absence of a guide makes a little more fascinating.

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