We buy without duties – Duty Free
Exactly half a century ago, in 1947, the bright idea painted the staff of the Irish airport Shannon. Some of them drew attention to the fact that passengers of transatlantic flights who made here a transit landing on the way from Europe to the USA formally do not enter Ireland. And that the waiting room in which they proceed time until their aircraft refuel, legally "Note earth", but not the territory at all "Green Island". From this observation, the World Trade System has grown, whose turnover has been reached 20 billion dollars last year.
In any trading deal, in whatever country of the world, it is neither the third participant is usually present in addition to the seller and the buyer – the state. The state has the operation of the duty in its favor. Duties may be greater or less, but something execution has to pay always just for the pleasure of buying in one or another national territory.
The international air traveler formally leaves the country when the passport control booth passes. But before landing on the plane, he still has to overcome several tens of meters across the waiting rooms and airport corridors. Since the official authorities, they decided in Shannon, at this moment no longer numen the air passenger among their guests, then they have no reason to take taxes from his purchases. Irish Ministry of Finance agreed with such a point of view and allowed a small shop that traded whiskey and cigarettes for a passport control line. Prices in it were lower than the usual exactly at the amount that all other island traders were given in KazNU.
Named a new way of trading simply – Duty Free. That is "free from duties".
Innovation gradually spread to the world. In Amsterdam Airport, the Duty Free shop opened in 1957, in Brussels – in 1958, another year later – in Frankfurt am Main and London. The non-cash goods began to trade directly on board the aircraft (by the way, shopping there are bypass by another 5-7% cheaper than in terrestrial duty-free stores). Then – both on maritime courts and ports. To date, at different suitable points of the world, more than a hundred institutions like Duty Free. Among these "Suitable points" There are quite unusual – for example, a tunnel under the strait of La Mans.
In the Soviet Union, the Duty Free system came in 1988. For its introduction, a joint venture was established with the Irish airline AirRianta, the very one who came up with this method of trading and opened the first store in Shannon. The joint venture called Airfirst.
As the Deputy General Director of this company Yuri Ignatenkov told, now Airfirst exploits stores in the capital airports "Sheremetyevo-1" and "Sheremetyevo-2", And also supplies goods on board aircraft 8 our airlines and – by one-time orders – British Airways.
Before creating a Duty Free in "Sheremetyev" Currency operated there "Birch", But before the international level, the store was far. Now the Moscow Duty Free in terms of service is practically no different from similar stores, which Airriranta operates in their own country, as well as in the UAE, Bahrain, Pakistan and Thailand. Their assortment list is over 27.000 products.
Approximately 80% of the buyers are our citizens. The rest are foreigners, including not heading to Russia, but transit through it from Europe to Asia or back. Each buyer leaves in Sheremetyevsky Duty Free on average $ 40. These relatively modest spending, folded together, brought the revolution of AirFirst in 1996 to 80 million dollars. For year, the company sold more than 5 tons of caviar and 380 thousand liters of vodka. The greatest part of the caviar, as Mr. Ignatenkov believes, left Moscow to Japan.
In the CIS Duty Free also work in the St. Petersburg airport "Pulkovo", in Kyiv "Borisispol" and on the ground border crossing "Vyborg".
Although the general principle (non-free trade in extraterritorial zones) is one for all enterprises of Duty Free, in different countries the mode of their work is somewhat different – depending on the nuances of local legislation.
First of all it concerns "fork" Between the usual prices and prices of Duty Free. The higher the duties on a specific group of goods in a specific country, the more profitable there to buy these goods in duty-free stores. A certain idea of the situation in the most visited by our compatriots of states you can get from the table of import duties operating in different countries.
As the correspondent told "I" General Manager Airfirst Bill Maxwell, most "profitable" To buy in the stores Duty Free, goods are usually alcoholic beverages and tobacco products, since it is they who are universally subject to large taxes. They can be saved to 50% compared with prices in central city stores.
Other Popular in Duty Free Products (Spirits, Ties, Leather Belts, Phototypes and Consumer Electronics) allow you to save about 20% compared to "ordinary" shops.
The most profitable are Duty Free stores in the countries of the Middle and Far East. Dubai – World Mecca of Aerial Shoping. In European Duty Free prices are relatively higher. European standards airport "Sheremetyevo-2" is one of the cheapest. For comparison, we give prices for some popular brands of alcohol and tobacco here and in a number of other capitals of the old light (see. Table prices).
Depending on the details of local law, duty-free shops can work in the departure area of the international airport, and in the arrival area, or only on "arrival". In some countries, it is prohibited to open and use purchased goods to departure. Generally accepted is the prohibition to acquire more than 10 products at a time. True, it is usually not very strictly.
You can pay in Duty Free by any solid currency (usually stores simultaneously operate 15 monetary units), traveler checks and credit cards. In developed countries "Basic" The currency is local. It gives out. In states with stable but "Closed" currency (the export of which abroad is limited or is prohibited) for delivery, at the request of the buyer, can be given in generally accepted SC. For example, flying out of Israel and buying something in the Duty Free on the local shekels, the rest you get in US dollars. In countries with unstable monetary system, Duty Free, local currency is sometimes not accepted. There, the base currency usually serves US dollar.
It’s nice to conside that in this sense have already fallen into the number of developed countries. In Sheremetyevsk stores, rubles are taken on a par with different dennaments, and you can get in dollars.
As Mr. Ignatenkov told, although Duty Free "for passport control", are the most common in the world, in some countries it is allowed to post them and directly in the national territory.
Sometimes they are in free economic zones. In other cases, in order to avoid abuse, bought duty free goods are not allowed to carry. Them, specified in advance, deliver directly to the latch of the flying aircraft. Napless Duty Free actively function in Australia, South Korea, Thailand and some countries of the Middle East.
Finally, another kind of duty-free shops is, so to speak, departmental. They are designed for a special contingent permanently residing in the country of foreigners. Say, diplomats. Or servicemen. By the way, the Soviet army before the foreign bases left, there were relatively cheap shops there "Only for their own". But the ordinary tourist entrance to the entrance was closed, as the entrance to him is closed today in shopping points at the US Army Bases.