Not far from Sydney on the coast, in the Botani Bay area, there is a high stone stele. It was erected in honor of the great French navigator Jean Francois Gallow de Laperose. But what is the connection between him and Australia? The fact is that after the departure of the lapere from these shores in January 1788. Nobody saw him alive anymore. Brave French captain disappeared forever, although further, let’s say straight, not very active searches and gave some information about what could happen to him.
The first European researchers did not find in Australia neither silver, nor gold, nor spices, no other useful things. At first glance, this South Earth in the Pacific turned out to be absolutely useless. James Cook, who attached a new South Wales to the British Crown, did not even find fresh water here. In general, he initially decided that this mainland is unsuitable for life. Nevertheless, we assume that there is nothing useful at such a huge territory at all, it would be an unforgivable nonsense. It is not surprising, therefore, that explicit interest in newly open lands began to show French. The question of the colonization of Australia accepted principled. Suddenly, the British found a simple solution: they began to send criminals here and convicts.
After the multi-month swimming towards Australia, the first English fleet with prisoners on board. The official opening of the colony took place on February 7, 1788. solemnly raising the British flag.
I did not have time for the first governor Sir Arthur Phillip, as it should be settled in the first city of New Colony Sydney, as the first guests have already visited him. In fact, the city has not yet been, when two French ships approached the shores of Botani Bay "Compass" and "Astrolabe". It was no one else like Jean Francois Gallow de Lapetruz his own person. The French were surprised at this meeting no less British. They did not expect to find anyone except the aborigines here, in detail in their report captain Cup. What led to these shores French ships?
By forty years, Lapewo reached the peak of a career of a sea officer. Participation in eighteen campaigns, mostly against England, has gained the glory of brave and experienced sea wolf. It is not surprising that, that it was His Louis XVI entrusted to head the four-year-old Pacific expedition, whose tasks came to find and attach all lands to France, who escaped Captain Cook.
August 1, 1785. Two five hundred catton frigata "Compass" and "Astrolabe" left Brest towards South America. In January of next year, they reinforced Cape Horn and made a short stop in the Chilean port of Valparaiso. From here Laezruz went to the expanses of the Great South Sea, as the Pacific Ocean was called at the time. The next two years, the ships crossed it several times from the end to the end. The French visited Easter Island and in the Hawaiian Islands where the captain of Cook found. They passed along the western coast of North America and after the stop in the Philippines looked into Macau. This Portuguese Colony in Asia has long been considered a reliable and only refuge of Europeans in China. Then Lapewo opened the strait between the Islands of Sakhalin and Hokkaido, now named his name.
Despite the careful preparation of the campaign, the failures constantly pursued brave French. For example, 21 people died during the measurements of the bottom of the bottom near Alaska, and 12 people were killed on Samoa Armed with Dubin, including Captain "Astrolabia" Fleyrio de Langle. But all this was flower compared to the fact that the entire crew was waiting in the future.
The last point to which the French got was Australia. In late January 1788. Lapetruz left this English colony, promising to return home in the middle of 1789. However, the promised return did not happen in a year, not two. The French had their own problems: Jacobins, Revolution, Taking Bastille, Guillotine and other unpleasant things. Before searching for the missing expedition, hands did not reach long. First attempt 1793 g. For various reasons, failed and at the same time became the last.
The first reliable information was received only in May 1826. From the Irish Merchant and Aventurist Peter Dillon. On the island of Ticopia, Santa Cruz Archipelago, one of the savages showed him a silver handle from the sword, on which four letters were engraved: "JFGP". No need to be a linguist to understand what it meant: Jean Francois Gallow de la Peruz. Savage told that he endured this thing in the inhabitants of the Island of Danikoro.
The names of the natives, in turn, said that many years ago during the storm two big ships flew to reefs near the shore. One immediately sank, having taken with him most of the crew, but another one was able to stay afloat for some time. But what is even more amazing, just a couple of years before the arrival of Dillon, two aliens – the leader and servant – still lived on the island among the natives.
Many years later, anchors and cannons, kernels and items with ships names were raised from the bottom of the coral reef "Compass" and "Astrolabe". There was no doubt that it was here that one of the most brilliant French research expeditions was found here. But what happened to her captain, still remains a mystery. Judging by the rows found the sword, Laezauz could survive that terrible storm. But it is not clear whether he was the most man who was waiting for salvation from his compatriots who had sent more than thirty years, but did not wait.
However, for the history of France, the expedition of Laperose still played his fateful role. The fact is that the right to go swimming with Laperuz went the most severe struggle. Among thousands of applicants were an observer sixteen-year-old junior lieutenant from the Paris Military School. It was included in the preliminary list of the team, but in the future his name was drawn out of it. The young man remained in France and, as it turned out, not in vain. This sixteen-year-old lieutenant was a Corsican named Napoleon Bonaparte. Fate disadvantaged him a much more interesting fate than Robinson’s life Cruzo on a lost in the Pacific Island of Danikoro.