At the reception to the dolphin
They are capable of much. Dolphins save people after shipwrecks, help to catch fish, driving it on the net, and even work sometimes with pilots like Pelorus Jack, who at the end of the XIX century spent ships through a dangerous strait in New Zealand. And the dolphins heal.
The first it figured out the American biologist David Natanson in 1978. Working in the Floridian Oceanarium, he with the help of dolphins tried to treat people prone to depression, as well as children with a delay in development. The course consisted of 5 sessions for 40 minutes each. First, patients communicated with Dolphins, standing on the bridge, and then descended into the pool and swam next to animals, or sedated him. In 97% of cases, the condition of patients has improved.
This new area of alternative medicine was named "Dolphinotherapy". It began to contact her mostly those who were disappointed in medicine traditional. More precisely, whose parents in it were disappointed: Dolphins are usually treated children from two to fourteen years. As experience shows, dolphinotherapy helps with children’s cerebral palsy, attention deficit syndrome, mental retardation, childhood, tightness, neurosis. Often children treat from stuttering or excessive shyness.
The mechanism of dolphinotherapy is still little studied, but some hypotheses on this account are. They are based primarily on the abilities of dolphins to echolocation. As you know, these marine mammals can make the sounds of high frequency, about 150 kHz, which we do not hear. Sound waves focus in a bundle and reflected from obstacles. At the return of Ehu Dolphin determines that he is in front of him.
In all likelihood, being near the patient, the dolphin is accepted "shry" his. In other words, conducts an ultrasound study of internal organs – as a doctor with an ultrasound apparatus. In addition, as scientists believe, these high-frequency fluctuations are favorably affected by a person. After the dolphinotherapy of the rhythm of the brain slow down, the electrical activity of the hemispheres occurs. Translated from the medical language, this means that the nervous system calms down and the body relaxes.
But the Dolphin itself has to be podnaping. Trainers who work with them, noticed: If Dolphin just plays with the public, he can amuse guests for hours. But if it works with the patient, then after the half-hour session sails to break 40-50 minutes. This is another argument in favor of the fact that Dolphins doctors people quite consciously.
The fact that communication with them has a beneficial effect on the state of a person, once again proved an experiment conducted by British psychiatrists a year ago. 30 volunteers who were diagnosed with depression were divided into two groups. One for two weeks swimming in the sea, playing with dolphins, the other having fun nearby, but without dolphins, diving to coral reefs. At the first group, the symptoms of depression decreased half and even two-thirds, the second treatment was twice as long as.
The most widely dolphinotherapy is used in her homeland, in the USA, as well as in Mexico and Israel. In these countries there are special DTR Medical Research projects (Dolphin Therapy Research). On the territory of the former Soviet Union there are two largest dolphinotherapy center – in Sevastopol and Evpatoria.
Sevastopol Oceanarium, the largest in Europe, originated on the basis of the secret object, where since 1966, a joint program of the Academy of Sciences and Navy was held: Dolphins wanted to use for military purposes. With the collapse of the USSR, the center remained without financing. Money began to earn with dolphin show. But about medicine did not forget. According to the chief physician of the center of Lyudmila Lukina, now the dolphinotherapy is so popular that the list of patients is a year ahead. By the way, Lyudmila Lukina became the first scientist in the world who received the doctoral degree for research in the field of dolphinotherapy.